Such storms occur as a rule in the Sinaitic desert only in December and January, but thunderstorms are not unknown in Palestine even in May.5. It is referred to as “the mountain of God” in Exodus 3:1, and named by Moses “Massah, and Meribah” (Exodus 17:6), where the rock was smited in order to create water for the troups. 5:10) which is reflected in God giving the two tablets of the testimony to Moses on Mount Sinai (Ex. Deuteronomy uses the name Horeb exclusively for the mountain of God except in one verse, Deuteronomy 33:2. But at Sinai "the glory of Yahweh was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel" (Exodus 24:17); and, indeed, the glory of the Lord still dyes the crags of Jebel Musa (the "mountain of Moses") with fiery red, reflected from its red granite and pink gneiss rocks, long after the shadows have fallen on the plain beneath. Even those who are non religious find themselves in awe of the experiences on the tops of modern mountains. Traditional Site:The indications of position, in various passages of the Pentateuch, favor the identification with the traditional site, which has become generally accepted by all those explorers who have carefully considered the subject, though two other theories may need notice. Deuteronomy 18:16 This is according to all that you desired of Yahweh your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly, saying, "Let me not hear again the voice of Yahweh my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I not die.". Exodus 4:9 It will happen, if they will not believe even these two signs, neither listen to your voice, that you shall take of the water of the river, and pour it on the dry land. altitude but because of the sharpness of its precipices: nay, indeed, it cannot be looked at without pain of the eyes, and besides this it was terrible and inaccessible, on account of the rumor that passed about, that God dwelt there" (Ant., II, xii, 1; III, v, 1). The location of the Mount Sinai described in the Bible remains disputed. The old explanation, "clayey," is inappropriate to any place in the Sinaitic desert, though it might apply to Sin (Ezekiel 30:15, 16) or Pelusium; even there, however, the applicability is doubtful. This is the location where Moses saw God and received the Ten Commandments from God (Exodus 33-34). In addition to these streams there are numerous wells and springs, affording excellent water throughout the whole of the granitie district. It’s the same place! Instead of speaking from the Children of Israel perspective, Horeb: The Mountain of God speaks from Moses perspective. You shall strike the rock, and water will come out of it, that the people may drink." The token or sign was that the people in bondage would be brought to His Mountain, Mount Horeb, Exodus 3:1. Deuteronomy 4:15 Take therefore good heed to yourselves; for you saw no manner of form on the day that Yahweh spoke to you in Horeb out of the midst of the fire. In the other books of the Pentateuch, Sinai is the usual name, though Horeb also occurs ( Exodus 3:1 ; Exodus 17:6 ; Exodus 33:6 ), applying both to the "Mount of God" and to the desert of Rephidim, some 20 miles to the Northwest. si'-ni, si'-na-i (cinay; Codex Alexandrinus Sina, Codex Vaticanus Seina):1. Four streams of running water are found there: one in Wady Leja; a second in Wady et Tl'ah which waters a succession of gardens extending more than 3 miles in length, and forms pools in which I have often had a swim; a third stream rises to the North of the watershed of the plain of er Rachah and runs West into Wady et Tl'ah; and a fourth, is formed by the drainage from the mountains of Umm Alawy, to the East of Wady Sebaiyeh and finds its way into that valley by a narrow ravine opposite Jebel edition Deir. This conversation took place at the foot of the "mountain of God." Christ. Evidently in his time Sinai was supposed to be one of the peaks of the great granitic block called et Tur-a term applying to any lofty mountain. Greene's Theory:Another theory, put forward by Mr. Baker Greene (The Hebrew Migration from Egypt), though accepted by Dr. Sayce (Higher Cricitism, 1894, 268), appears likewise to be entirely untenable. Northeast of this is Jebel Musa (7, 370 ft.), which, though less high, is more conspicuous because of the open plain called er Rachah ("the wide") to its Northwest. Elijah traveled “a day’s journey into the wilderness” from Beersheba in Judea, which is believed to be the archaeological site of Tel Sheva in southern Israel. Later, the Israelites were brought to Horeb, Midian, and the Mount of God (Exodus 17:6; 18:1-5). This is the mountain where God spoke to Moses. Mountains became a place to experience God, and they still are. Highly detailed maps made by the British in the 1930s reveal … There is also a well on the lower slope of Jebel Musa itself, where the ascent begins.7. The traditional site of Mount Sinai is in the south central part of the Sinai Peninsula. But, on this point, it is sufficient to give the opinion of the late F. W. Holland, based on the experience of four visits, in 1861, 1865, 1867-68.He says (Recovery of Jerusalem, 524):"With regard to water-supply there is no other spot in the whole Peninsula which is nearly so well supplied as the neighborhood of Jebel Musa. Sinai's Location in Midian. Moses fled to the land of Midian (or "empty land"), which lay East of the Sinaitic peninsula (Numbers 22:4, 7; Numbers 25; Numbers 25 31), and when he wandered with his flocks to Horeb (Exodus 3:1) he is said to have reached the west side of the desert. 3. The water which you take out of the river will become blood on the dry land.". 31:18). However, this same theme frames the entire Bible. Jebel Madhbah, overlooking the ruins of Petra in southern Jordan. Identification with Jebel Musa:These distances will not, however, allow of our placing Sinai farther East than Jebel Musa. Even Jebel Serbal, 20 miles West of Sinai-a ridge with many crags, running 3 miles in length-is at its highest only 6,730 ft. above the sea. Deuteronomy 9:8 Also in Horeb you provoked Yahweh to wrath, and Yahweh was angry with you to destroy you. The concept of God living on a holy mountain is a significant theme in the Old Testament. I have seldom found it necessary to carry water when making a mountain excursion, and the intermediate neighborhood of Jebel Musa would, I think, bear comparison with many mountain districts in Scotland with regard to its supply of water. Anchorites lived at Paran, and at Sinai at least as early as 365 A.D., and are noticed in 373 A.D., and often later (Robinson, Biblical Res., 1838, I, 122-28); the monastery was first built for them by Justinian in 527 A.D. and his chapel still exists. But, for Arabs not encumbered with families and herds, this distance could still be covered by an average march of 39 miles daily, on riding camels, or even, if necessary, on foot.3. There is also no other district in the Peninsula which affords such excellent pasturage. North of the Convent is the lower top of Jebel edition Deir ("mountain of the monastery"). Though its location is somewhat debated, most Christian scholars believe it to be one of the peaks in the Holy Mountain Peaks of Mount Jabal Musa, Mount Catherine, and Mount Ras es-Safsafeh in the southern part of the Sinai Peninsula. 3:1 (noun) Dictionary ! It takes about 3 hours to climb the 7,498-foot peak following the Path of Moses, a stairway of nearly 4,000 steps. Horeb is called “the mountain of God,” (Ex. Exodus 17:6 Behold, I will stand before you there on the rock in Horeb. This token or sign was to identify those who were sent by God, as Moses was sent to deliver God’s people. There is also no other district in the Peninsula which affords such excellent pasturage. Exodus 3:1 Now Moses was keeping the flock of Jethro, his father-in-law, the priest of Midian, and he led the flock to the back of the wilderness, and came to God's mountain, to Horeb.. Exodus 3:7 Yahweh said, "I have surely seen the affliction of my people who are in Egypt, and have heard their cry because of their taskmasters, for I know their sorrows. It stands there in stark contrast to the other mountains of the area, scorched black on the top. The Twofold Signifcance of Mount Horeb, the Mountain of God, (part 2) 9th March 2018 . Horeb where Moses met with God and the 10 Commandments were given. Mt. His new life as a shepherd, brought him to the “mountain of God, even Horeb” (Exodus 3:1) It was here, at the burning bush, that God told Moses, “When you have brought forth the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God upon this mountain” (Exodus 3:12) 2. Midian was located … Lofty mountains, in all parts of the world, have always been sacred and regarded as the mysterious abode of God; and Josephus says that Sinai is "the highest of all the mountains thereabout," and again is "the highest of all the mountains that are in that country, and is not only very difficult to be ascended by men, on account of its vast. "This is important, as Israel encamped near Sinai from the end of May till April of the next year. It is where God made a covenant with his people at Horeb (Deut. Mount Horeb (Sinai) "The Mountain of God" Is there another name for Mt. I have seldom found it necessary to carry water when making a mountain excursion, and the intermediate neighborhood of Jebel Musa would, I think, bear comparison with many mountain districts in Scotland with regard to its supply of water. Menu. Four streams of running water are found there: one in Wady Leja; a second in Wady et Tl'ah which waters a succession of gardens extending more than 3 miles in length, and forms pools in which I have often had a swim; a third stream rises to the North of the watershed of the plain of er Rachah and runs West into Wady et Tl'ah; and a fourth, is formed by the drainage from the mountains of Umm Alawy, to the East of Wady Sebaiyeh and finds its way into that valley by a narrow ravine opposite Jebel edition Deir. Mount Ararat Mt. Was this the real Mountain of God? What is the details of His journey? Now please let us go three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to Yahweh, our God.'. But, on this point, it is sufficient to give the opinion of the late F. W. Holland, based on the experience of four visits, in 1861, 1865, 1867-68.He says (Recovery of Jerusalem, 524):"With regard to water-supply there is no other spot in the whole Peninsula which is nearly so well supplied as the neighborhood of Jebel Musa. Horeb comes from a Hebrew term meaning “desert.” Most of the events that the book of Exodus describes as happening at Mount Sinai are located at Mount Horeb in the book of Deuteronomy. A Tennis Club serving the Community. The name Horeb is spelled חורב only in Exodus 33:6. Deuteronomy 1:27 and you murmured in your tents, and said, "Because Yahweh hated us, he has brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. 5:2; 2 Chron. His main argument was that, visiting Sinai in March, he considered that the vicinity did not present sufficient water for Israel (Appendix B, 303-18). There must be a cleft somewhere near the top of the mountain. In another note (Deuteronomy 1:2) we read that the distance was "eleven days' journey from Horeb by the way of Mount Seir unto Kadesh-barnea" or Petra (see WANDERINGS OF ISRAEL), the distance being about 145 miles, or 14 miles of daily march, though Israel-with its flocks, women and children-made 16 marches between these points. Mr. Greene supposed Elim (Exodus 15:27) to be Elath (Deuteronomy 2:8), now `Ailah at the head of the Gulf of `Akabah; and that Sinai therefore was some unknown mountain in Midian. Horeb is not recorded to have been visited by any of the Hebrews after Moses, except by Elijah (1 Kings 19:8) in a time of storm. At the peak are a Christian chapel and an Islamic mosque. In favor of the traditional site it may also be observed that clouds suddenly formed, or lasting for days (Exodus 24:15 f), are apt to cap very lofty mountains. It is to the east of the Israeli city today named Beer Sheba. In 17 passages the same desert and mountain are called "Horeb," or "the waste." In fact, it appears from what the Bible states, both Sinai and Horeb are the Mountain of God—not to mention Mount Zion . Even Jebel Serbal, 20 miles West of Sinai-a ridge with many crags, running 3 miles in length-is at its highest only 6,730 ft. above the sea. Deuteronomy 1:6 "Yahweh our God spoke to us in Horeb, saying, You have lived long enough in this mountain: Deuteronomy 1:7 turn, and take your journey, and go to the hill country of the Amorites, and to all the places near there, in the Arabah, in the hill country, and in the lowland, and in the South, and by the seashore, the land of the Canaanites, and Lebanon, as far as the great river, the river Euphrates. In addition to these streams there are numerous wells and springs, affording excellent water throughout the whole of the granitie district. The Convent is the mountain of God '' is there another name for.... 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